A furnace is usually a background player at home, keeping you warm during the cold winter months. It frequently won't be noticed until something goes wrong.
One cause may be that your furnace has a cracked heat exchanger. It can potentially be hazardous, so it’s critical to learn the symptoms of a cracked heat exchanger and what you should do if you are worried that is the problem.
What Is a Heat Exchanger in a Furnace?
A heat exchanger helps transition heat from the combustion chamber inside your furnace to the air that flows through the ventilation. It typically handles this with coils or tubes that warm the air while functioning as a barrier to keep the gasses produced in the combustion chamber, called flue gasses, from leaking out into your home.
Is a Cracked Heat Exchanger Dangerous?
Given its central role, it shouldn't come as a surprise that a damaged heat exchanger can be hazardous. A crack in the heat exchanger can allow dangerous gasses – like carbon monoxide, which can be lethal – to circulate throughout your home.
For this reason, do NOT use your furnace if you think you're dealing with a cracked heat exchanger, as doing so could make your entire household sick. Contact an HVAC professional right away if you think your heating has a cracked heat exchanger that needs to be repaired.
Four Warning Signs of a Cracked Heat Exchanger:
- Furnace switches off: A crack in your heat exchanger can cause your furnace to shut off.
- Strange Smells: If the air escaping your furnace has an intense chemical odor, it could be evidence gas is seeping through cracks in your heat exchanger. These byproducts, which can smell like formaldehyde, are a major warning sign.
- Carbon monoxide alarm goes off or you recognize symptoms of poisoning: If a cracked heat exchanger is emitting carbon monoxide into your home, your carbon monoxide alarm could go off or family members might start experiencing signs of carbon monoxide poisoning. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting or feeling tired. If your alarm goes off or you feel sick, get out of the home as soon as you can and then call for help.
- Soot: If you notice black sooty accumulating on the exterior of your furnace, it’s more evidence something might be seriously wrong.
What You Should Do if a Furnace Heat Exchanger is Cracked
If you suspect your furnace has a cracked heat exchanger, call a professional experienced in furnace installation Mobile right away so they can take a look at your system and, if necessary, perform a furnace heat exchanger replacement. Costs will fluctuate depending on the situation, but estimates often hover around $1,000 to $3,000.
Fortunately, the good news is that heat exchangers are generally included in the warranty. You’ll want to check the warranty paperwork on your furnace, since while the warranty won't always cover the entire cost of repairs, it can significantly lower your bill.
How to Prevent a Cracked Heat Exchanger in Your Home
One of the easiest ways to avoid problems in your furnace overall is through consistent furnace maintenance. Furnaces work the best when they run efficiently. Calling a skilled professional to check your furnace for worn-out parts, clogs in the air filters and other common problems can keep you from getting a big bill later on.
It’s also beneficial to inspect your furnace filters every few months – it’s ideal some filters be replaced every 90 days or sooner if they are dirty or grimy. While the filters aren't connected to the heat exchanger itself, the strain of dragging air through a clogged filter makes the entire furnace work more vigorously to do its job. And the harder your furnace has to work, the more deterioration components like the heat exchanger will sustain.